What are exfoliants and what are they like?
Exfoliants are cosmetic products or substances, the main action of which is aimed at removing keratinized particles of the skin. They can be conditionally divided into several types:
1. Mechanical. These include everyone's favorite face scrubs. They often have a gel-like or creamy texture and contain natural or synthetic exfoliating particles.
When choosing mechanical peeling, cosmetologists recommend giving preference to products with smaller granules to minimize the risk of trauma to the epidermis. This is especially important for owners of sensitive and dry skin, which may react with the appearance of irritation.
2. Chemical. This is a deeper method of cleansing from keratinized skin cells. The main active substance of these products is AHA-, BHA- and PHA-acids, retinol and other active components. Chemical exfoliants are available in the form of serums, masks, tonics, peeling pads, gels, and more (by the way, homage is the softest chemical peeling). This type of exfoliants is often used not only to remove the keratinized layer of the epidermis, but also to rejuvenate and treat acne and postacne.
3. Enzymatic (fermentative). The main component of these peels are enzymes that react with structural lipids in the stratum corneum and dissolve them. In this way, dead cells are exfoliated on their own. It is worth considering that exfoliation is carried out only on the upper layer of the epidermis, unlike chemical peeling.
Which of these three types of exfoliants is best? It is difficult to answer clearly, because each of them has its own strengths and weaknesses. The choice will largely depend on your skin type and your personal preferences.
If you are looking for peeling that will work with the surface layer of the epidermis, then a scrub or exfoliants with enzymes will do. A chemical peeling will cope with a deeper cleansing of the skin by a factor of five.
The working principle of exfoliants
The end result of using any peeling is the removal of the keratinized layer of the epidermis. But as a result of using these tools, we get several more pleasant bonuses:
- evening out complexion, lightening pigment spots, post-acne;
- prevention and treatment of acne;
- cleansing and narrowing of pores;
- smoothing the relief of the skin;
- facial care cosmetics work more effectively after using peelings.
Take care of your skin properly and be sure to include exfoliants in your beauty routine. These products will help to improve the condition of the skin and will also be useful for solving its problems.